Naivety is a natural disposition, perhaps the only one to contain in itself the negative value of consequences. Nevertheless, according to the etymological meaning of the word, the naive is understood as a free, genuine and truthful individual. So how can these features lead towards unhappy consequences? It is as if this attitude almost turns the individual into an easy prey, the inert target of inauspicious actions. Then, is the naive a victim of itself as of a disease? It seems impossible that this feature has been provided by nature as to balance opposing dynamics according to a kind of “natural law”, designed to establish an equilibrium in nature as in society. Or, is it possible that naivety – as cause of a distance from the real – is the only voluntary approach to a vision of the world, a singular and desired different condition for an alternative vision of the objective? And does it generate from our desire to lie? Our own falsehood, our necessary tendency to lie to ourselves? But, if this is the case, should the dreamer, the possible physical extension of the naive, continue to dream, to believe in hallucinations, in memories, in mysteries, in myths and melancholy and surrender to the interpretation of the truth as a lie or an evasive fantasy? Those who keep and practise this inclination, simply keep on desiring… because desire is a possible, natural and physiological measure of the candour of a child. But, can naivety be understood by an adult?